What Does It Mean to Be Almost Gifted?
Teachers and parents need to be purposeful with resources available
The starting point for the question of what defines someone as almost gifted would be answering what it means to be gifted and working backwards from there. Although there is no universally accepted definition of gifted, there have been lines drawn in the sand to enable school districts to identify those students who have high ability. Typically the identification of gifted students are those in the top 5% of a nationally normed test. If a student scores in the 95th percentile or higher, she is given the label of gifted. The tests that are used vary from state to state as each state has its own approved list of assessments that can be used to identify gifted students.
There are two types of tests a typical district would give. Some are subject specific tests that look at reading, math, and even social studies and science. These are called achievement tests and are a reflection of what students have learned and how this compares with their peers. If a student were to be in the top 5% of everyone who took the test in math, then he would be considered gifted in the subject area of math. The second type of tests are cognitive tests that can give a good idea of whether a student is adept at thinking outside of the box. Cognitive tests such as the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), Otis Lennon School Ability Test (OLSAT), In View, CogAT, the Stanford Binet, and the Woodcock Johnson can be used to determine a child’s School Ability Index (SAI). Students who are higher than the 95th percentile are deemed superior cognitive and thus gifted.
These tests are based on academics, but as the National Society for Gifted and Talented (NSGT) indicates, performance and accomplishment is also important. There are other methods of identification of gifted that can measure this performance and accomplishment such as creative thinking ability, visual performing arts, psychomotor which is athletics and how coordinated one is, and some states have even taken to measuring the leadership ability of students. But these are not as widely used as the specific content and cognitive tests.
Cognitive tests are a greater indicator of student potential because it is a measure of intelligence, not content specific. This is the breakdown of how students typically score on cognitive ability tests:
As you can see, about 4% of the scores are in the range of gifted. Working backwards from there, the 8th stanine represents the 7% of students who scored in the 89th to 95th percentile, meaning they are in the top 10% of those who took the test. This group would constitute the students who are almost gifted. The definition of an almost gifted student would be someone who was between the top 6 to 10% of those who took the test but just missed the cutoff score by a few points. These are those students who score in the 94th, 93rd, or even 90th percentile. They are displaying an intelligence greater than nearly 90% of the population, meaning they are still fairly smart. Yet because they did not reach the magical number, they may be denied gifted services or challenging classes that are offered by their district.
These scores for the school cognitive tests mirror intelligence in general:
As you can see, 2.1% of the population scores 130 or higher. 14% of the population would fall into the 115-130 range, meaning that they might not be as intelligent as those above them, but they are certainly smart. What is being done for those students to challenge them to achieve at the level they are capable? We have programs for the gifted and at the other end of the spectrum with special education students. What about that student who is close to gifted but not quite there? Right now, even if they are close, many are getting no cigar.
The question remains, what do we do for this almost gifted student, and how do we as an educational system challenge them? An easy fix would be just to add more services. After all, these are our future doctors, lawyers, politicians, and other such citizens who will be a major factor in steering our society into the future. Would we not want them to have the very best education possible to make these paths easier to traverse? Yet very little dollars are devoted to these bright students.
Issues with gifted identification aside, the fact of the matter is we want to be able to have students reach their potential. The problem is that there are only so many resources to go around. Even if the government were to decide to provide more funding for gifted education, they would simply be robbing Peter to pay Paul. Special education would see its funding lowered to compensate or some other group that receives funding would suffer.
The truth about these resources is they do not have to come from above; they can be provided at a grassroots level by teachers and parents. And it is not the amount of money spent on these resources but rather the way you use it. Both teachers and parents have learned in their respective fields that being purposeful in the way you use your available resources it much more important than the amount of resources used. Instead of throwing everything at the wall and seeing what will stick as happens with many reforms in education, teachers and parents need to be resourceful about their resources and use them as effectively as possible. This would ensure that almost gifted students are receiving the attention they deserve. In many cases, you have to know where to look for these resources and that is what the rest of this book will help you to accomplish.
- edCircuit – Todd Stanley Articles and Columns
- OPB News – Portland Parents Want Better Access To Talented And Gifted Programming
- New York Post – Queens pol pushing bill to save specialized HS exam